The Residential plan proposes 5 main residential typologies for the new Amaravati Capital city. The following section elaborates the urban character and planning principles for these typologies:
1. High Density Residential Plan
The proposed landuse plan safeguards 6.3% of total developable land for high density residential developments, which corresponds to 22.2% of the total residential area within the city. These high density residential use clusters primarily comprise of private/public multi family high rise apartments with integrated community facilities. These facilities include a common playground, club house, multi-purpose hall, car park etc. At a maximum height of G+15, the development density of such developments would be approximately 170 dwelling units per hectare of land.
Planned along transit corridors and close to commercial centres, the high rise residential will enjoy access to these infrastructure and facilities whilst the high footfall brought by high density developments will make infrastructure and businesses more viable.
Clusters of high density luxury apartments have also been planned along the river Krishna waterfront.
These apartments will capitalize on the scenic views of the existing hills and river Krishna to create a distinctive identity which will attract both developers and home buyers.
2. Medium Density Residential Plan
11.4% of developable land is proposed for medium rise developments, corresponding to 40.3% of the total residential area, the highest within the city. Similar to the high density residential, the medium density residential use also encourages mid rise multifamily public/private apartments with common facilities within its compound. The maximum height of these apartments G+7 storeys typically allows these clusters to house about 150 dwelling units per hectare.
The medium rise residential use also allows semi-detached and attached housing typologies as this area includes the land that needs to be returned to the farmers under the AP land pooling act 20141.
Typically, medium density residential clusters have been planned along the transit corridor, where walkability is of prime importance. This housing typology is expected to house most of the affordable housing due to its relative high density and low construction cost per unit.
3. Low Density Residential Plan
Occupying approximately 2.9% of the developable land, the proposed low density residential clusters take up 10.16% of the total residential land in the Amaravati Capital city. They are largely planned in town peripheries close to the neighborhood centers. The maximum height of G+1 typically allows for 45 dwelling units to be housed in one hectare. The housing typologies proposed under this category include detached and semi-detached houses. This typology caters to both suburban areas and prime luxury residential clusters.
4. Village Residential Plan
Though anticipating a significant drop in rural population, all existing village settlements have been protected in the landuse plan. The plan encourages redevelopment of these areas into more planned developments. It takes up about 5.4% of the developable land in GCoB, and 19% of the total land allocated for residential use. Village neighbourhood centres have been proposed with these villages, supported civic facilities such as schools, polyclinic, police station, community centre, etc in the periphery of these settlements. The height of these settlements is restricted to G+2 storeys in order to create a uniform typology.
5. Mixed Use Residential Plan
Mixed use residential takes up about 2.3% of the total developable land in GCoB and 8.2% of total residential land use. Typically found in the City Centre and along the arterial roads, mixed use developments are used as a strategy to bring activities and vitality into the commercial areas during non-office hours through the live-in population. The different uses can either be housed in one single building or individually in the same compound. For the former, it is common that the first or the lower floors are assigned for commercial use, that requires the street frontage for walk-in businesses, whilst the residence is housed in the upper floors for better privacy.
Special mixed use development clusters have been planned within the administrative civic core and SEED development.