Civic Centre and Central Business District (CBD)
Down-town shall house the commercial heart of the city housing an iconic waterfront Central Business District (CBD) and administrative civic core. The downtown covers a land area of about 1067 Ha constituting about 3% of city’s land area. This area has been indicated as the SEED development area in the proposed Employment Plan illustrated in Figure 4.34.
As the state’s capital, the administrative core will house the state legislative assembly, high court, secretariat and other important public and semi-public offices. All these functions have been aligned along the north-south corridor in line with the proposed structure plan.
The Central Business District will house the city’s primary commercial activities such as large corporate offices, hotels, malls, business centres, convention centre, etc. Planned along the river Krishna this vibrant centre would define the city’s iconic skyline. A detailed urban design proposal for the downtown (SEED development area) will be presented in the next stage of the project.
The Regional Centres (RC) serve the purpose of decentralisation by establishing commercial hubs of distinctive character outside the City Centre to provide employment opportunities near residential areas.
As illustrated in the city structure plan, 4 Regional Centres have been planned along the main city loop road along the transit corridor acting as important transit hubs for the residents. These centres occupy about 217 Ha of land creating about 350,000 jobs by 2050. Their primary role is to provide a one-stop destination for retail, office and entertainment facilities within each of the 4 zones in the city. Each Regional centre is supported by large city level civic facilities such as hospitals, education institutions, etc.
The Town Centre (TC) plays a central role in the compact and integrated township development concept. Each of the 18 townships will have a TC integrated with a public transit system that caters to the commercial needs of the township. To best serve the population catchment, the TCs are strategically located in the centre of the towns to maximise their accessibility. Containing a mix of retail and office commercial as well as entertainment uses, the TC is also a source of local employment. Township level facilities, such as library, hospital, town hall, town park and public open spaces have also been planned within the TC to further strengthen its role as the township’s activity core.
Neighbourhoods are small communities within a town which comprises of a number of neighbourhoods housing about 25,000 to 60,000 population each. Each neighbourhood is facilitated with a neighbourhood centre (NC) which provides daily need facilities for residents within a short walking distance. These facilities include retail, vegetable and grocery shops, tailor and stationery shops, etc. Healthcare facilities as well as other small-scale businesses and services are also housed within the NC.
Besides serving as a local market NC’s are proposed to be integrated with Community Centres (CC). This will help to foster a sense of community through a number of community group activities, enabling social support, information sharing, etc. The facilities provided by the CCs would include a community hall, library, community recreation and leisure areas, child and elderly care centre. Community development projects and activities could also be hosted in the CC. Parks and sports fields are planned in proximity to the NC to offer open spaces for families and community groups to interact and play.
Mixed use Development
About 912 Ha of mixed use commercial developments have largely been planned along the public transport corridors and within the downtown area to create a 24 hour vibrant mixed use character. Apart from the CBD, these developments have strategically been located in close proximity to the waterfront, regional and town centres due to the high market demand of these areas.
Mixed use developments can include a large complex or a single building that comprises a combination of residential, commercial, cultural, institutional functions that are physically or functionally connected. Widely employed as an urban revitalisation tool, the live-in population in mixed use areas ensures activity and vibrancy during both office and non-office hours. High density mixed use developments reduce the walking distance between residences and workplace, thus, encouraging the use of public transportation system. These developments create a greater variety of housing options catering to the needs of a more diversified population.
Village Neighbourhood centres
As illustrated in the township model, small-scale village neighbourhood centres and markets are proposed within the existing village settlements. These centres will provide daily need shops and act as a gathering point and interaction space for the village community. It will host markets on a regular basis, such as weekend farmers’ market, to sell locally produced products as well as promote cottage industries and local arts and crafts.
These centres usually possess the characters of flexible sheltered spaces that enable multiple functions.
The Commercial landuse plan proposes about 100 Ha of warehouse retail clusters. These large big box developments will encompass elements of both retail and warehouse functions together.
Apart from the above-mentioned commercial development types, several other selected areas in the City will possess commercial character, such as the tourism resorts on the islands in river Krishna, hotels, etc. These are the places of interest where tourists will visit. These special commercial areas will have boutique shops, thematic entertainment facilities, arts and crafts shops promoting local culture and F&B areas.
Business Parks, Logistics and Industrial typologies will be discussed in Chapter 5 - Capital city Industrial Plan.