15 points about Vijayawada History

1. Historic Capital.

The city was the capital of Andhra Desam which was ruled by the Satavahana and Vishnukundina Dynasties.

The Capital region of Satavahanas consisted of the surrounding towns of Eluru, Guntur, Nuzvid and Gudiwada.

The new Capital Region is close to restoring the Glory of the age old History of Vijayawada-Guntur region. The manuscripts found from the Indra Kiladri hill of Durgamma dated 927-933 AD mentions the City name as Raja Cholendrapuram.

2. More History it has.

Vijayawada has been the Center of the Vishnukundina kingdom in the 5BC -6BC and the headquarters of the Early Chalukyas of Badami.

Krishna_and_Rukmini_ride_away_in_a_chariot (1)

3. A Place of Goddess Kanaka Durga.

Lord Shiva appeared on Indra Kiladri with Prayers of Arjuna and gave him the Pasupathastra. The temple we now see was built by king madhava varma in 12th century.

4. The Prakasam Barrage.

It stretches 1223.5 m across the Krishna River connecting Krishna and Guntur districts. It is one of the first major irrigation projects of South India and was completely successful in its mission. Completed in 1855 it helps irrigating over 1.2 million acres of land annually. Andhra Pradesh largely owes its rich agriculture to the Prakasam dam as the project facilitated the irrigation of large tracts of farmland.

5. Mogalarajapuram Caves.

These caves are said to be excavated in 5th century A.D. The caves are reputed to be the first of their kind in South India.

6. 125+ year old Municipal Corporation.

Vijayawada was recognized as municipality 126 years ago, Municipal court was estd in 1843, public works SE office in 1875, Rail track from dornakal in 1879 and Barrage on krishna river in 1855.

7. India’s 2nd Biggest Bus Terminal.

Inaugurated on 23rd of September 1990, the bus terminal of Vijayawada is India’s biggest and Asia’s second largest bus terminal. Also the Busiest Bus terminal of India.

8. India’s Biggest Railway Junction and Asia’s 2nd biggest.

Vijayawada Railway junction with hundreds of trains every day, is one of the busiest Railway Stations of India.

9. Largest Automobile hub of Asia.

Containing about 1500 automobile accessory units and near about 1,00,000 workers being employed, the Jawahar Lal Nehru Auto Nagar Industrial Estate of Vijayawada is the largest automobile industry hub of Asia

The Vijayawada railway station was constructed in 1888. A train route connecting Vijayawada and Hyderabad was laid in 1889.

In 1969, the Golkonda Express was introduced between Vijayawada and Secunderabad as the fastest steam-hauled train in the country, with an average speed of 58 km/h.

10. India’s second largest wagon workshop.

11. The first Gandhi Memorial Stupa in the country.

Gandhi memorial in Vijayawada

The second largest wagon workshop of Indian railways is at Rayanapadu near Vijayawada.

Subway car elevated for repair

12. First Theater of Andhra Pradesh state ( actually the united one).

“Maruthi talkies” which was built in the year 1921 at one town, Vijayawada.

Well, that explains a lot about the cinema fanatics doesn’t it? ??

13. Home of the first 70MM theater in whole Coastal India.

Urvasi theater of Vijayawada was the first 70MM theater in whole Coastal India and the first movie to be played was Super star Krishna’s “Simhaasanam” .

14. World’s Largest Mango Market.

The nunna mango yard of vijayawada is the world’s largest Mango Market.

15. There is a statue of Kakani Venkata Ratnam who was key member of Jai Andhra Movement and former Cabinet Minister, commemorated at Benz Circle.

 

2 Comments on “

  1. VIJAYAWADA HISTORY
    Bezawada ( Modern day Viajayawada) was ruled by Parchchedi Dynasty of Vishnukundin lineage.
    Parichchedis ( Vishnukindin lineage) are Raju ( Telugu Speaking Kshatriyas) of ‘Vashishta’ Gothra.
    Information available on this topic in Telugu book ” Andhra Samsthanamulu – Sahitya Poshana” published by Andhra University. This book was published form of Ph.D thesis submitted by Dr. Thoomati Donappa ( Former Vice Chancellor of Telugu University).
    Another reference book on this subject is ” Sri Andhra Kshatriya Vamsa Ratnakaram” by Budharaju Varahalaraju.
    Extract from a Telugu language book ‘ KSHATRIYANVAYAMANJUSHA’ by Sri. Duvvuri Jagannadha Sharma

    INFORMATION / SOME REFERENCES
    PARICHCHEDIS ( ‘ Vashishta’ is their Gothram/ Gothra ) :
    రాజప్రవర :- రఘులవ గుహిల మహారాజ ప్రవరాన్విత పరిచ్చేది శ్రీ దేవవర్మ మహారాజ వంశ:
    ” Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (Ancestor of Pusapatis of Vizianagaram)”. source : wikipedia
    LINK : wiki/ Vijayawada

    PARICHCHEDI DYNASTY
    “The Maha Parichchedis belonging to Vashishta gotra mentioned as one of the four important sects among Rachavaru – Andhra Kshatriyas even to this day”
    – page 187 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House.
    • No. 45. (A.R. No. 491 of 1906.) Pulivendla, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District. On a slab set up at the entrance of the Ranganathasvamin temple. Krishnaraya, AD 1509. This is dated Saka 1431, Sukla, Kartika su. 12, Monday, corresponding to AD 1509, 24 October, which was, however, Wednesday and not Monday. It records a gift of the village Kunddal Kundu to the god Sri Ranga Raju of Pulivindla by Narasayya Deva Maharaju, brother of Basava Raju, son of Tamma Raju, grandson of Valla Bharaya and great-grandson of Bejawada Madhava Varma of Vasishtha-gotra and Surya-vamsa. The gift village is said to be situated in Pulivindalasthala, a subdivision of Mulkinadu in Gandhi Kotasima of Udayagiri Rajya.
    – INCRIPTION No. 45 ( A.R.No.491 of 1906)

    Vizianagaram ‘Poosapati ( Pusapati)’ Rulers are direct descendants of the King Madhava Varma.
    Peddapuram ( East Godavari) ‘Vatsavayi’ Kings, Gudimetta ‘ Chagi ( Saagi) ‘ rulers,Kota Ramachandrapuram (Near Kakinada) ‘Kakarlapudi’ Zamindars,Thettu ( Nellore district) ‘Vejendla ( Vezella)’ Zamindars , Anakaplle (Vizag) Saagi/ Sagi rulers ( Payakarao was their title)belong to this clan only.
    FREEDOM FIGHTER ALLURI SEETHARAMA RAJU also belonged to this Clan/gothra.

     
  2. INFORMATION / REFERENCE ON DHARANI KOTA ( KOTA) DYNASTY i.e Amaravati region
    ” The Kotas of Dhanamjaya Gothra appear as the second among
    the four important branches of Kshatriyas in Telugu land”
    – page 174 ‘History of Andhra Country’ 1000AD-1500AD by Yashoda Devi. Book published by Gyan Publishing House.
    ——————————-
    ” DHARANIKOTA –
    Ganna Bhupala Dantuluri was ruling a tract about Dharanikota about 1400 A.D. was of Kota lineage. Famous Telugu poet Srinatha wrote ‘Dhananjaya Vijayam’ and dedicated it to Dantuluri Gannabhupala. Mahamuni Kavya Kanta Ganapathi Shastry mentioned in his book that King Dantuluri Gannabhupala gave away his daughter Surambika to Ana Vema Reddy who ruled Addanki. This was mentioned to be the first marriage between Kshatriya and Reddy communities”
    (Source worldlibrary. org)
    ——————– ———————————————-
    According to Wikipedia the country on the southern bank of Krishna river was ruled by these Dhanunja gotra kings as a defecto independent power for over 150 years beginning of the 12th century to the last quarter of the 13th century .
    – – —————————————————————
    Kota Chiefs had marital relations with Kakatiya kings.
    Kota Hariseema Krishna was a Popular King among Kota Kings. Other kings were Bhima Raju, Keta Raju, Rudraraju, Dantuluri Gannabupaludu. Telugu poet Srinadhudu dedicated his literary work ” Dhananjaya Vijayamu’ to the King Dantuluri Gannabhupaludu. It was also seen that Telugu poet Mangalagiri Ananda Kavi dedicated his literary work ” Vijayananda Vilasamu” to Datla Venkatrama Nrupudu ( Datla venkatrama Raju) of Kota lineage. Present Rajus / Dhananjaya Gotra Rajus of surnames Dantuluri ( Tuni Zamindars of this surname), Nallaparaju Zamindars, Datla, Dandu, Rudraraju, Bhupatiraju, Penmetsa andother surnames of Dhananjaya gotra Rajus are descendants of this dynasty.

     

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